Ptyalism or Hyper-Salivation in Dog – Symptoms and Causes

You chose one of the healthiest golden retriever puppies in Ohio but the kid started drooling or salivation. If drooling is not excessive then there is nothing wrong with the puppy. Drooling among all breeds of dogs is natural and normal. Happy and excited dogs always drool. However, hyper-salivation is a sign of ill-health as it can cause irritation and inflammation in the mouth. On the other hand, normal production of saliva protects dog’s teeth from gum diseases, tooth decay and it also lubricates the mouth.


Ptyalism or hyper-salivation is a condition in which dog produces excessive saliva. Rabies and some mouth and throat disorders can cause this condition in dogs.

Ptyalism or Hyper-Salivation Symptoms

Seek medical assistance when you notice following symptoms:

  • Abnormal drooling
  • Drooling without any apparent cause
  • Inflamed lips or mouth
  • Changes in behavior
  • Uninterested in eating
  • White foam in saliva
  • Excessive saliva production with other symptoms of serious illnesses such as diarrhea or vomiting.

Causes of Ptyalism or Hyper-Salivation:   

Mouth Injury

Injuries such as bites, cuts or scrapes inside the mouth can cause the excessive production saliva.


Drooling is an emotional response. However, excessive emotions can increase the production of saliva.

Irritation Due To a Foreign Object      

Plastic toys, sticks or other foreign objects lodged in the mouth of the dog can cause excessive salivation.

Problem in Swallowing

Saliva is essential for swallowing food. However, when the dog finds it difficult to swallow food due to blockade of throat or irritation, more saliva is produced.


There are several medications that can increase the production of saliva in dog’s mouth.


Excessive saliva and foam in the mouth are often caused due to poisoning.

Infectious Diseases

Rabies and some other infectious diseases can lead to foaming and hyper-salivation.

Allergic Reaction

An allergic reaction can cause excessive drooling and some other symptoms.


Malignant cancer and some other tumors can lead to hyper-salivation.

Defects in Mouth          

Congenital defects can make swallowing difficult and cause hyper-salivation.

Hepatic Encephalopathy or Kidney Failure

Both are systematic failures and both cause excessive salivation.

Salivary Glands Disorder

Inflamed salivary glands can also cause Ptyalism or hyper-salivation.

Apart from these, seizures also cause foaming and excessive salivation in the mouth.

If the excessive salivation is accompanied with foaming and other serious symptoms such as vomiting then the dog needs emergency medical care. Otherwise, this condition is treatable.

When you search for golden retriever puppies in Ohio make sure that saliva production is normal. Foaming and hyper-salivation can be symbols of poor health.


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